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WHO Oral health information system

In 1979 the most important goal ever to be formulated for global oral health was announced by WHO. By the year 2000, the global average for dental caries was to be no more than 3 DMFT at 12 years of age. At the World Health Assembly in 1979, this declaration was unanimously allocated as being the overriding priority for WHO Dental caries (tooth decay) Dental caries result when plaque forms on the surface of a tooth and converts the free sugars (all sugars added to foods by the manufacturer, cook, or consumer, plus sugars naturally present in honey, syrups, and fruit juices) contained in foods and drinks into acids that destroy the tooth over time Dental caries develops when bacteria in the mouth metabolize sugars to produce acid that demineralizes the hard tissues of the teeth (enamel and dentine). It affects general health and often causes pain and infection, which may result in tooth extraction At age 12, an average of 0.5-3.5 teeth are affected by dental caries, and nearly 100% of adults have experience of the disease. Severe periodontal (gum) disease is found in 5-20% of middle-aged (35-44 years) adults in Europe, and up to 40% of older people (65-74 years) Dental caries Dental decay. Destruction of teeth results when microbial biofilm (plaque) formed on the tooth surface converts the sugars contained in foods and drinks into acids, which dissolve tooth enamel and dentine over time. Early childhood caries Caries characterized by the presence of one or mor

Tooth Decay

Oral healt

Sugars and dental caries - World Health Organizatio

delen barn med karies har ökat med 6 procentenheter mellan år 2011 och 2017, från 21% till 27%. Resultaten för år 2018 visar att andelen barn med karies är fortsatt 27%, dvs mer än vart fjärde barn har karies i sina tänder vid 6-års-åldern. WHO Europa har satt som mål att 80% av åldersgruppen ska vara kariesfria år 2020 Karies drabbar ofta de ytor av tänderna vi använder när vi tuggar, ytorna mellan tänderna samt där tandköttet möter tanden eftersom de också är svårare att komma åt vid tandborstning. Information om artikel

WHO/Europe Data and statistic

ROOT SURFACE CARIES <ul><li>The proximal root surface, particularly near the cervical line, often is unaffected by the action of hygiene procedures, such as flossing, because it may have concave anatomic surface contours (fluting) and occasional roughness at the termination of the enamel. </li></ul><ul><li>These conditions, when coupled with exposure to the oral environment (as a result of gingival recession ), favor the formation of mature, caries-producing plaque and proximal root-surface. WHO Global Consultation on Early Childhood Caries brought together staff from WHO headquarters and regional offices with representatives of WHO collaborating centres for oral health, international experts an Tooth decay, also known as dental caries or cavities, is the breakdown of teeth due to acids made by bacteria. The cavities may be a number of different colors from yellow to black. Symptoms may include pain and difficulty with eating Dental caries remains a significant public health problem in the United States. By age 19, 67% of children will have experienced tooth decay. 1 Once Americans reach the age of 75, 99% will have had dental caries. 2 Oral health disparities persist despite sincere efforts by public health organizations to reduce disease incidence. Individuals with low socioeconomic status experience higher.

Karies är en av de vanligaste sjukdomarna hos barn och förekommer i alla länder men är ojämnt fördelad i populationen. Sjukdomen har en tydlig socioekonomisk gradient där barn som lever under socialt sämre levnadsvillkor både har oftare och svårare karies. Globalt finns rapporterat att 19-98 procent av förskolebarn uppvisar karies WHO Oral Health Programme. (‎2000)‎. Global data on dental caries prevalence (‎DMFT)‎ in children aged 12 years / Global Oral Data Bank, Oral Health/Area Profile Programme. World Health Organization. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/66520

WHO Implementation manua

  1. Dental caries, which is also referred to as tooth decay or cavities, is one of the most common and widespread persistent diseases today and is also one of the most preventable. When you eat certain foods, the bacteria on your teeth breaks them down and produces acids that have the ability to seriously damage the hard tissues of your tooth
  2. Dental caries (tooth decay) remains the most prevalent chronic disease in both children and adults, even though it is largely preventable. Although caries has significantly decreased for most Americans over the past four decades, disparities remain among some population groups
  3. For some years now, the WHO has recommended less than 10% of energy intake from free sugars. The same document also stresses the need to bring this limit below 5% as soon as possible. These guidelines have been promoted with the aim of reducing the prevalence of chronic non-communicable diseases suc

The destruction of tooth enamel and dentin, which is linked to infection by Streptococcus mutans and microaerophilic organisms that thrive when protected by a layer of hardened dental plaque; caries is most common in the young with refined carbohydrate-rich diets, especially in snackers who have increased oral pH; caries may affect older patients with diabetes, cancer or immunodeficient states Oral Health Country/Area Profile Project. Country Areas Methods and indices Explore oral healt Epidemiology of Dental Caries in the World 155 4. Distribution of dental caries according to WHO region s 4.1 WHO African Region (AFRO) The WHO African region have 46 countries. Howe ver, it was possible to find oral health data for 40 countries. Analyzing the available studies regarding the year, there was a downgrade of the data caries FaCtsheet on oral health and sugars intake key FaCts Tooth decay (dental caries) is the most common noncommunicable disease in Europe. Severe dental caries may lead to pain and discomfort. Dental caries impacts nutrition, general health and quality of life. Dental caries is a frequent cause of absenteeism at work or school

1 WHO TECHNICAL INFORMATION NOTE OCTOBER 2017 Sugars and dental caries ntal cariesDen 1 (also known as tooth decay or dental cavities) is the most com- mon noncommunicable disease worldwide. nental caries is an expensive disease to treat, consuming 5-10% of health-D care budgets in industrialized countries, and is among the main reasons fo nursing caries eller baby bottle tooth decay. Numera används oftare Early Childhood Caries, ECC. Den amerikanska tandläkarorganisationen American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) definierar ECC som karies i mjölktänder före sex års ålder (a a). Kariesprevalens i en befolkning kan mätas i ett karies-index Commensal bacteria can suddenly turn into pathogenic germs. In fact, this is what happens with caries. People suffer from caries when certain factors come to..

Dental Medicine Student Research Posters | Dental Medicine

Karies är en sjukdom som orsakar hål i tänderna. Karies kan förhindras om du borstar barnets tänder regelbundet och inte ger söta mellanmål för ofta. Hål i mjölktänderna - karies hos barn - 1177 Vårdguide Karies, eller hål i tänderna, kommer när syra som från bakterier bildar frätande syror som långsamt löser upp tandens yta. Ytan blir med tiden ojämn och mjuk och ett hål bildas. Karies brukar uppstå på tandytan, mellan tänderna eller vid tändernas rötter. Det är också vanligt att karies bildas kring gamla lagningar och fyllningar

Objective: The aim of this study was to ascertain the equivalence between WHO caries diagnosis criteria and the ICDAS II caries classification scale for comparisons in epidemiological studies. Materials and methods: Two intraoral examinations, one using the ICDAS II caries codes and the other the WHO caries assessment method, were performed in a random sample of 101 children (29 aged 5-6 years. Abstract Dental caries is a transmissible bacterial disease process caused by acids from bacterial metabolism diffusing into enamel and dentine and dissolving the mineral. The bacteria responsible produce organic acids as a by-product of their metabolism of fermentable carbohydrates. The caries proc

Dental caries is a biofilm-mediated, sugar-driven, multifactorial, dynamic disease that results in the phasic demineralization and remineralization of dental hard tissues. Caries can occur throughout life, both in primary and permanent dentitions, and can damage the tooth crown and, in later life, e Nyckelord: Karies, socioekonomiska faktorer, barn, ungdomar, vuxna och äldre Introduktion: Karies är en multifaktoriell sjukdom och en av de mest förekommande infektionssjukdomarna som finns världen över. Den kan förekomma i olika svårighetsgrad och orsaka såväl smärta som en försämrad livskvalitet hos individen Caries, cavity or decay of a tooth, a localized disease that begins at the surface of the tooth and may progress through the dentine into the pulp cavity. It is believed that the action of microorganisms in the mouth on ingested sugars and carbohydrates produces acids that eat away the enamel. Th Karies är vanligast på tandens tuggytor där ytan är gropig och har djupa fåror samt på de tandytor som står i kontakt med varandra. Ett annat kritiskt område är övergången mellan själva tanden och en utförd fyllning eller tandkrona där det lätt blir karies, så kallad sekundärkaries. Me I rapporten \Att förebygga karies\ granskas systematiskt och kritiskt det vetenskapliga underlaget för de olika metodernas förebyggande effekt. Metod. Granskningsgruppen genomförde en systematisk litteratursökning i databaserna Medline och Cochrane Library fram till oktober 2001 samt granskade referenslistorna i identifierade studier

Riskfaktorer för karies hos astmatiker kan vara, frekvent munandning, ett högt intag av söta drycker och tidigare karieserfarenhet. Regelbunden användning av astmaläkemedel kan också enligt vissa studier påverka saliven och bidra till en lägre salivsekretion och en förändrad salivsammansättning jämfört med personer utan astma Understanding the role that breastfeeding and bottle feeding play in the development of dental caries during childhood is essential in helping dentists and parents and care providers prevent the disease, and also for the development of effective public health policies. However, the issue is not yet fully understood. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to search for. Caries or demineralised areas in dentin or enamel show up as darkened areas with this technique. This effect can be achieved with a fiber optic illuminator, which is readily available at the handpiece coupler of the dental operatory and has been used for detection of approximal and occlusal caries. Posterior approximal caries can be. Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is prevalent around the world, but in particular the disease is growing rapidly in low‐ and middle‐income countries in parallel with changing diet and lifestyles. In many countries, ECC is often left untreated, a condition which leads to pain and adversely affects general health, growth and development, and quality of life of children, their families and their. Dental caries in pre-school children: associations with social class, toothbrushing habit and consumption of sugars and sugar-containing foods. Further analysis of data from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of children aged 1.5-4.5 years. Caries Res 33: 101-113. Google Scholar | Crossref | Medlin

The decay-missing-filled (DMF) index or decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index is one of the most common methods in oral epidemiology for assessing dental caries prevalence as well as dental treatment needs among populations and has been used for about 75 years. This index is based on in-field clinical examination of individuals by using a probe, mirror and cotton rolls, and simply. Caries measurement methods vary considerably in terms of the stages of lesion considered making the comparison problematic among different surveys. In this cross-sectional study, four caries measurement methods, the WHO-DMFT, the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS), the Cari A new caries assessment instrument termed Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment (CAST) was promulgated in 2011 . It was designed for use in international epidemiological surveys and permits registration of sound teeth, sealants, restorations, enamel and dentine caries lesions, advanced stages of caries lesions into the pulp and tooth-surrounding tissues, and teeth lost due to dental caries.

  1. intake of free sugars and dental caries (3, 4, 14-16). Dental diseases are the most prevalent NCDs globally (17, 18) and, although great improvements in prevention and treatment of dental diseases have occurred in the past decades, problems still persist, causing pain, anxiety, functional limitation (including poor school attendanc
  2. caries assessment spectrum and treatment index • CAST, a new caries assessment and treatment index was developed based on the strengths of the ICDAS II and PUFA indices and provides a link to the widely used DMF index. 147. 148 Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment (CAST) Index 148
  3. World Health Organization Coronavirus disease situation dashboard presents official daily counts of COVID-19 cases and deaths worldwide, along with vaccination rates and other vaccination data, while providing a hub to other resources. Interactive tools, including maps, epidemic curves and other charts and graphics, with downloadable data, allow users to track and explore the latest trends.
  4. Karies kommt aus dem lateinischen und bedeutet soviel wie Morschheit, oder Fäulnis; Karies ist eine durch Bakterien verursachte Erkrankung des Zahnes.Mehr In..
  5. ation Survey
  6. BACKGROUND: Few studies have assessed the effect of breastfeeding, bottle feeding, and sugar consumption on children's dental caries. We investigated whether the duration of breastfeeding is a risk factor for dental caries in the primary dentition, independently of sugar consumption. METHODS: An oral health study ( n = 1303) nested in a birth cohort study was carried out in southern Brazil
  7. Start studying Karies. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools

Caries definition is - a progressive destruction of bone or tooth; especially : tooth decay Early Childhood Caries is defined as the presence of one or more decayed (non-cavitated or cavitated lesions), missing (due to caries) or filled tooth surfaces in any primary tooth in a preschool-age child between birth and 71 months of age. The term Severe Early Childhood Caries refers to atypical or progressive or acute or rampant patterns of dental caries Dental caries has historically been considered the most important global oral health burden. 63 As revealed by the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD), 54 untreated caries in permanent teeth was the most prevalent of all 291 conditions evaluated for the entire GBD 2010 study (global prevalence of 35% for all ages combined), and untreated caries in primary teeth. Definition of caries in the Definitions.net dictionary. Meaning of caries. What does caries mean? Information and translations of caries in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web Dental caries is a chronic disease which can affect us at any age. The term caries denotes both the disease process and its consequences, that is, the damage caused by the disease process. Dental caries has a multifactorial aetiology in which there is interplay of three principal factors: the host (saliva and teeth), the microflora (plaque), and the substrate (diet), and a fourth factor.

Methods and indices - Oral Health Country/Area Profile Projec

3D Video der Klinik Pardiñas (http://bit.ly/1AWGytT) über Endodontie, Behandlung für die schwere Zahnkaries. Es besteht darin die Karies zu entfernen und den.. Karies som drabbar primära tänder hos barn under sex år brukar internationellt benämnas som early childhood caries (ECC) (Fung et al. 2013). Enligt en rapport som fokuserar på viktiga . 2 folkhälsofrågor räknas ECC till ett av de allvarligaste och mest kostsamma hälsotillstånd so La caries dental es la destrucción de los tejidos de los dientes causada por la presencia de ácidos producidos por las bacterias de la placa depositada en la.. The caries risk factors studied in clinics and the medical practitioner evaluates signs and symptoms of salivary hypofunction, dietary practices and measures of oral hygiene . Saliva and its components are considered as effective protective endogenous agents [ 16 ], with hyposecretion of saliva by salivary glands being one of the most critical factors that increase the risk of caries [ 18 ] Tratamiento caries. Restauración dental y empastes.La amenaza común derivada de la ingesta, la caries, y su remedio más habitual: la obturación dental. Clíni..

Karies - Wikipedi

Caries is a biofilm (plaque)-induced acid demineralization of enamel or dentin, mediated by saliva. The disease of early childhood caries (ECC) is the presence of 1 or more decayed (noncavitated or cavitated lesions), missing (due to caries), or filled tooth surfaces in any primary tooth in a child 7 Hål i tänderna är en av våra vanligaste sjukdomar i munnen. Karies orsakas av syror som fräter på tändernas emalj och utan behandling kan det leda till stora besvär Caries Dota. 504 likes. Dota 2 videos, información de torneos, Gta V,Top Animes Restauración realizada en clínicas Propdental a la conocida Vloger y Youtube Tigretón.En este caso se ha utilizado el empaste de composite, el recomendado po.. Caries patterns in children, adults, and elderly vary, as do eating patterns. In all age groups, eating frequency, retentive and nutrient properties of food, and oral hygiene habits play a role in determining caries risk. Infants and children are particularly susceptible to early childhood caries

Karies: Orsaker, Symptom och Behandling - Aqua Denta

  1. Dental caries affects ≤80% of the world's population with almost a quarter of US adults having untreated caries. Dental caries is costly to health care and negatively affects well-being. Dietary free sugars are the most important risk factor for dental caries
  2. Results: Total Caries prevalence was found to be 49.1%.The highest rate of caries occurrence, 55.4% was observed in children who belonged to the age group of 6-8 years
  3. Dental caries is the most common chronic disease among youth aged 6-19 years (1). Untreated caries can cause pain and infections (2,3). Monitoring prevalence of untreated and total caries (untreated and treated) is key to preventing and controlling oral diseases. This report presents the prevalenc
  4. Caries Dental. 191 likes · 1 talking about this · 2 were here. Esta página fue realizada con el fin de promocionar la prevención e informar a la población acerca de la patología bucal mas..

Classification Of Dental Caries - SlideShar

  1. Caries. 256 likes. Información sobre la caries. Facebook is showing information to help you better understand the purpose of a Page
  2. Caries. 2,531 likes · 43 talking about this. Información sobre la caries denta
  3. ation Survey

Dental Caries in Permanent (Adult) Teeth. Dental caries in children's permanent teeth declined from the early 1970s until the mid 1990s. Significant disparities are found in some population groups. Tables 5 through 8 present selected caries estimates in permanent teeth for children aged 2-11 years and for selected subgroups. Back to to Karies är världens vanligaste sjukdom. Totalt går det runt cirka tre miljarder människor - både barn och vuxna - med obehandlad karies på jorden. Men trots att karies globalt sett är ett stort hälsoproblem med stora samhällskostnader, är det inte ett prioriterat område när det gäller forskningsfinansiering In 2010, untreated caries in permanent teeth was the most prevalent condition worldwide, affecting 2.4 billion people, and untreated caries in deciduous teeth was the 10th-most prevalent condition, affecting 621 million children worldwide

Karies, hål i tänderna, eller tandröta, är en infektionssjukdom som orsakas av olika bakterier, framför allt Streptococcus mutans och laktobaciller. Bakterierna lever normalt i munhålan, där de producerar en svag syra, mjölksyra, som i sin tur sänker pH-värdet och fräter på emaljen Dental caries, both treated and untreated, in all adolescents age 12 to 19 declined from the early 1970s until the most recent (1999-2004) National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The decrease was significant in all but two population subgroups (Mexican-Americans and those living in households between 100% and 199% of the Federal Poverty Level (FPL)

WHO Expert Consultation on Public Health Intervention

  1. karies både för att beteckna kariesprocessen och dess konsekvenser, dvs den skada som uppstår till följd av processen. Kariesdiagnostik, riskbedömning (identifiering av riskytor, riskindivider eller riskgrupper för karies) och tidig behandling av kariesskador,
  2. eral loss. From a sound surface containing little to no
  3. Karies riskbedömning är det första steget i karies hantering. Behandlaren bedömer individens karies sjukdomsindikation, riskfaktorer och skyddsfaktorer. Efter de faktorerna bedömer behandlaren karies risken hos personen. Risken av karies bestämmer behandlaren baserat på en beteende förändring oc
  4. Early Childhood Caries (ECC) Children who are frequently exposed to sugary liquids—such as milk, breast milk, formula, fruit juice, and other sweet liquids—for long periods of time run a great risk of suffering from Early Childhood Caries. • ECC is an infectious disease that can begin as early as the teeth begin t
  5. Karies Svensk definition. Lokalt angrepp på tandytan, vilket inleds med urkalkning av emaljen, fortsätter med enzymatisk nedbrytning av organiska strukturer och slutar med att det bildas hålrum. Om inte angreppet hejdas kan urholkningen tränga igenom emaljen och tandbenet tills pulpan nås
  6. Caries is a multifactorial disease depending on age, sex, socioeconomic status, geographical location, food habits especially sugar/sucrose consumption and oral hygiene habits
  7. ska, från 60 procent år 2018 till 58 procent 2019. Bland 6-åringar fortsätter andelen barn som har karies däremot att öka. Mellan 2018 och 2019 ökar andelen barn med karies med en procentenhet. År 2019 har 28 procent av barnen karies

About the Journal. Caries Research is the Journal of the European Organization for Caries Research (ORCA), founded in 1967 to promote research into dental caries and related matters.. Impact Factor: 2.186 (2019) CiteScore: 4.500 (2019) Aims and Scope. Caries Research is an international journal, the aim of which is to promote research in dental caries and related fields through publication of. Dental caries 1. Dental CariesHistory, Etiology, Histopathogenesis andClinical types 2. ―HOT things sharp things, sweet things, cold things, all things rotthe teeth and make them look like old things‖ Karies hos femåringar riskfaktor för ny karies vid tolv års ålder Forskning Karies i femårsåldern förutspår kariesproblematik i tolvårsåldern, visar ny norsk studie. De förebyggande åtgärderna behöver bli bättre, menar forskarna Dental caries is the most common chronic disease in children in the United States.1 The American Dental Association (ADA) notes: Systematic methods of caries detection, classification, and risk assessment, as well as prevention/risk management strategies, can help to reduce patient risk o

Tooth decay - Wikipedi

caries [kar´e-ēz, kar´ēz] decay, as of bone or teeth. adj., adj ca´rious. bottle mouth caries early childhood caries. dental caries see dental caries. dry caries (caries sic´ca) a form of tuberculous caries of the joints and ends of bones. early childhood caries severe dental caries that are promoted by the sugars, acids, and sometimes. Caries definition, decay, as of bone or of plant tissue. See more Sugars are undoubtedly the most important dietary factor in the development of dental caries (1 - Reference Zero 8) and dental caries is the most common chronic disease in the world (Reference Petersen, Bourgeois and Ogawa 9).Treating caries is responsible for 6-10 % of total health costs, even though there has been a decline in dental caries levels in many countries (Reference Beaglehole. Dental caries data are restricted to NHANES 2011-2014 as dental caries was not assessed in 2005 to 2010. c Not tabulated, but included in this analysis are children and adolescents who: drank tap water ( n =12,345), had non-missing blood lead level >3 ( n =12,067) and no caries experience ( n =2,903) Early childhood caries (ECC) is a major health concern that continues to negatively affect the oral health of infants and children today. Dental caries is a chronic disease that in children is five times more common than asthma and seven times more common than hay fever. 1 Even with caries prevalence declining in the permanent dentition, decay prevalence in primary teeth is on the rise. 2.

caries definition: 1. decay in the teeth or bones 2. decay in the teeth or bones. Learn more Dental Caries: A Review Dental caries, a chronic disease is unique among human and is one of the most common important global oral health problems in the world today. It is the destruction of dental hard acellular tissue by acidic by-products from the bacterial fermentation of dietary carbohy-drates especially sucrose Dental caries is one of the most common childhood diseases, and people continue to be susceptible to it throughout their lives. Although dental caries can be arrested and potentially even reversed in its early stages, it is often not self-limiting and progresses without proper care until the tooth is destroyed. Early childhood caries (ECC) is often complicated by inappropriate feeding.

Caries Classification - Dimensions of Dental Hygien

Caries and oral mucosal and periodontal diseases are the major cause of oral health problems. They are prevalent in all ages and demographic and socioeconomic groups. Irrespective of geographic location in the world, both males and females are affected from the condition. Dental caries' etiology has four main factors: bacteria, time, susceptible tooth surface, and fermentable carbohydrates Silver diammine fluoride, (SDF) also known as Silver diamine fluoride in most of the dental literature, (although this is a chemical misnomer) is a topical medication used to treat and prevent dental caries (tooth decay) and relieve dentinal hypersensitivity. It is a colorless (most products) or blue-tinted (Advantage Arrest), odourless liquid composed of silver, ammonium and fluoride ions at. Fler hål i tänderna på småsyskon. Ju fler äldre syskon ett barn har, ju högre risk för karies, visar resultat från en stor forskningsstudie i Stockholmsregionen

Tooth Decay Treatment Can Become Quite Complex | NYC Dentist

Karies. Karies är en sjukdom som sprids genom mikrober. Varför karies uppstår beror på flera faktorer. Karies orsakar skador i olika grad på tändernas hårdvävnad och kan obehandlat leda till att det uppstår en tandinfektion Upptäckt. Streptococcus mutans upptäcktes först av J. K. Clarke år 1924 i kariesskador på tänder, men uppmärksammades inte särskilt mycket förrän under 1960-talet då forskare ordentligt började studera karies [1].. Egenskaper. S. mutans tillhör släktet streptokocker, som är ett väldigt brett släkte med bakterier som många skapar sjukdomar av väldigt olika slag Dental caries remains the most common chronic disease of childhood in the United States. Caries is a largely preventable condition, and fluoride has proven effectiveness in caries prevention. This clinical report aims to clarify the use of available fluoride modalities for caries prevention in the primary care setting and to assist pediatricians in using fluoride to achieve maximum protection. Saliva microbiota discriminated caries-affected from caries-free adolescents, with enumeration of Scardovia wiggsiae, Streptococcus mutans, Bifidobacterium longum, Leptotrichia sp. HOT498, and Selenomonas spp. in caries-affected participants. Adolescents with B. longum in saliva had significantly higher 2-year caries increment DEXIS CariVu is a compact, portable caries detection device that uses patented transillumination technology to support the identification of occlusal, interproximal and recurrent carious lesions and cracks. CariVu continues the long DEXIS tradition of providing intuitive, easy-to-use diagnostic tools for the dental community

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